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April 1997 Issue
The Geographical Review
April 1997, Vol. 87 (2), pp. 155-171
Cyberspace and Virtual Places
Paul C. Adams
Computer networks are often described in terms that imply a virtual space or place: electronic frontier, cyberspace, and information superhighway have been used to indicate computer networks as a whole: cafés, dungeons, and virtual offices are some of the "places" people refer to as being in or on networks. The use of this language, which I collectively call "virtual-place metaphors," indicates three broad metaphorical themes: virtual architecture, electronic frontier, and cyberspace. The metaphors encourage control, surveillance, and capitalist expansion through computer technologiesand also evasion and resistance through computer technologies.
DR. ADAMS is an assistant professor of geography at the State University of New York at Albany.
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