Will Bulgaria's transition from communism to a more democratic, market-based economy result in increased or decreased greenhouse-gas emissions? With conflicting factors simultaneously adding to and subtracting from this country's emissions, present-day political and economic crises, plus changes in the energy-production, manufacturing, transportation, domestic energy-consumption, and construction sectors, suggest that although greenhouse-gas emissions are below their communist-era peak, they are on the increase. Future emissions may be higher still, making it difficult for Bulgaria to meet its greenhouse-gas reduction commitments.
Keywords: Bulgaria, greenhouse-gas emissions, human dimensions of climate change, socioeconomic transition.
DR. YARNAL is an associate professor of geography and an associate of the Earth Systems Science Center at the Pennyslvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16902.
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Department of Geography
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