World cities face the twin challenges of metropolitan socioeconomic restructuring and spatial decentralization. New York's global financial and managerial roles, coupled with deindustrialization and corporate relocation, have polarized social areas. Census data from 1970 and 1990 for the New York metropolitan area indicate demographic and employment shifts, social and ethnic divisions, concentration of wealth and poverty, and exurban growth pressures. The evolution of greater New York from a monocentric to a polycentric metropolis, divided into semiautonomous and competing realms, suggests a reordering of urban space that may become a pattern in other world cities.
Key words: corporate location, deindustrialization, economic restructuring, New York City, world cities.
DR. GODFREY is Associate Professor and Chair of Geography at Vassar College.
To contact the author:
Prof. Brian J. Godfrey
Associate Professor and Chair
Department of Geology and Geography
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
Phone: (914)437-5544 (office), (914) 437-7187 (fax)
Electronic mail: GODFREY@VASSAR.EDU