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January 1999 Issue
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FOCUS on Geography
Atlases, and Books
January 1999, Vol. 89 (1), pp. 54-73
THE GEOPOLITICS OF EUGENICS AND
THE EXCLUSION OF PHILIPPINE IMMIGRANTS
FROM THE UNITED STATES
JAMES A. TYNER
From 1898 to 1936, Philippine immigrants were routinely excluded
from the United States, where incipient practices of eugenic "science"
and geopolitics were informing social policy. Hand in glove with
emergent theories of evolution, a geopolitically informed eugenics
forewarned of possible racial competition and societal degeneration.
Immigration legislation emerged as an effective social policy
to exclude perceived undesirable, and racially distinct, immigrant
groups, ostensibly to protect race and state.
Keywords: eugenics, geopolitics, immigration, Philippines,
DR. TYNER is an assistant professor of earth sciences at Kent
State University, Kent, Ohio 44242.