Tag: landscape

Regions Of The World With The Highest Landscape Elevation And What It Means To The Inhabitants

Over history, organisms have evolved to adapt to their environment in a number of different ways, and humans may be the most adaptive species of all. Unlike animals and plants, we not only live and thrive in a wide variety of different environments, but over time we have also evolved in order to adapt to our surroundings. For example, the color of your skin comes from the environment your ancestors grew up in. People whose ancestors come from regions with extremely hot climates tend to have darker skin in order to protect them from the sun’s rays. Studying geography can help us understand why.

Geography Plays An Important Part In Bringing The World

Geography Plays An Important Part In Bringing The World

Another environmental factor that plays a major role on how humans have evolved over time is the elevation of the landscape you live in. The highest percentage of the human population lives on land that is within 100 meters of sea level. As the elevation of the landscape rises, human population declines. The air contains less oxygen in areas of high altitudes. However, regions with some of the highest landscape elevations in the world are still inhabited by people.

Regions of the world with landscapes over 10,000 feet above sea level include the Tibetan Plateau in Asia, the Andean Altiplano in South America, and the Ethiopian highlands in Africa. These high altitude areas are different than most regions in several ways. In addition to there being less oxygen in the air, the climate is also colder and dry. This means less vegetation and wildlife, and more rocky and desolate landscapes.

 

The Path To Yemrehanna Kristos

The Path To Yemrehanna Kristos

When visiting these high altitude areas, people, especially visitors, often suffer symptoms of hypoxia – the lowering of available blood oxygent – which occurs as a result of lower oxygen pressure. It is well known that some of the people who live in these regions have biologically adapted in order to live in these inhospitable landscapes. For example, people who live in the Andes have the ability to hold more oxygen in their red blood cells in order to adapt to the thinner air. The Tibetans have developed lungs that can incorporate more nitric oxide from the air. This process allows them to expand their blood vessels and consume oxygen more effectively than people living in lower altitudes.

The Ethiopian highlanders are different again from both the Andeans and the Tibetans in that they have normal hemoglobin counts and they breathe normally. Yet, while the Ethiopian highlanders live at an elevation with less oxygen in the air, they don’t suffer from any hypoxic symptoms. Even without any biological changes, their bodies have adapted to survive.

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10 Weird Places You Wouldn’t Believe Existed

The earth has an ever-changing landscape that continues to awe and amaze all those adventurous enough to explore it. Most of these places, some of which we have previously written about, like Machu Picchu, the Grand Canyon, and the Great Sphinx, you’ve heard of, and you have probably even visited some of them.

But there are also a number of amazing places that are so strange and weird that they look like they belong in a science-fiction movie. If you plan on taking a trip and want to visit somewhere that’s out of this world, here is a list of ten of the weirdest places on earth.

Zhangye Danxia Landform, China

Amazing Zhangye Danxia Landform In China

Amazing Zhangye Danxia Landform In China

Known as the China Rainbow Mountains, this amazing landscape covers just under 200 square miles and is located in Linze County, China. The hills are covered in bright amazing colors that developed around 200 million years ago. Most of the hills are several hundred meters high and features sharp cliffs covered in gold, blue, and red among other colors.

Hitachi Seaside Park, Japan

One Of The Best Park, Hitachi Seaside Park At Japan

One Of The Best Park, Hitachi Seaside Park At Japan

Located in Japan and borders the Pacific Ocean, Hitachi Seaside Park features a jaw-dropping 350 hectares of land covered with a variety of different colorful flowers and grasses that change the color of the landscape throughout the four seasons. Some of the more popular times to visit include late April to mid-May when the Nemophilas bloom, and early to mid-October when the Kochias change color.

Mount Roraima, Venezuela

Sea Of Cloud At Mount Roraima, Venezuela

Sea Of Cloud At Mount Roraima, Venezuela

This mountain range is considered to be one of the oldest geological formations at two billion years old. Surrounded by three different countries, Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela, all four sides of this plateau mountain feature steep, 1,300-foot high cliffs and have some of the highest waterfalls on earth.

Lauca World Biosphere Reserve, Chile

Lauca World Biosphere Reserve, Chile

This is a UNESCO-designated site that has an abundance of wildlife, including over 150 different species of birds, llamas, vicunas and alpacas. Located in northern Chile, the landscape features lakes, snow-capped volcanoes, meadows, mountains and rivers.

Maelifell, Iceland

I Want To Go Here Maelifell, Iceland

I Want To Go Here Maelifell, Iceland

This composite cone volcano is unique and beautiful. It was formed underneath a glacier by volcanic eruptions, and surfaced around 10,000 years ago when ice melted from the last ice age. It’s completely covered in green moss and is surrounded by streams and rivers.

Mu Cang Chai Rice Terraces, Vietnam

Rice Scape Mu Cang Chai Vietnam

Rice Scape Mu Cang Chai Vietnam

This unique landscape found in northwest Vietnam stretches across over 2,000 hectares of mountainside. Every year during the harvest season, thousands of tourists descend on this normally isolated area to view what the National Heritage of Vietnam recognizes as a unique scenery.

Dobsina Ice Cave, Slovakia

Dobsina Ice Cave, Slovakia

Dobsina Ice Cave, Slovakia

Part of the UNESCO World Heritage list, this ice cave was discovered in 1870 and became the first electrically lit cave in Europe in 1887. The majority of the cave’s 8,874 square meters (equivalent to about 2 acres) is covered in ice, whose thickness reaches up to 80 feet in places.

Pamukkale, Turkey

Pamukkale Thermal Pools At Turkey

Pamukkale Thermal Pools At Turkey

This unique geological treasure is not only the site of well-preserved ruins of the ancient Greek-Roman city of Hierapolis, but also features a number of hot springs surrounded by bright terraces of travertine. The name, which means “cotton castle” in Turkish, refers to the snow-white limestone shaped over thousands of years by the calcium-rich water.

Slope Point, New Zealand

Is It Windy? Slope Point, New Zealand

Is It Windy? Slope Point, New Zealand

Located in the southernmost point of New Zealand’s South Island, this region faces constant cold and fierce south-westerly winds that come from the south-pole. The wind is so powerful that it has even affected the landscape by twisting and warping all the trees in the direction that the wind blows.

Stone Forest, Madagascar

Is there Life At Stone Forest, Madagascar?

Is there Life At Stone Forest, Madagascar?

Known as ‘Tsingy‘, which means ‘where one cannot walk barefoot,’ this stone forest covers 230 square miles with a labyrinth of razor-sharp stones as tall as 300 feet. Years of rain have formed the mountains of limestone into tall, spiked towers that make it incredibly difficult to explore, and dangerous if you don’t know what you are doing.  Although it looks like an inhospitable environment, a tropical forest grows among the rocks, allowing for hundreds of species of birds, lemurs, lizards and insects to thrive, 90% of which are only found in this somewhat crazy landscape on the island of Madagascar.

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